Five years later, he returns to power: Somalia elected Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud to the presidency for the second time on Sunday, May 15, after a ballot under high security, in a country plagued by insurrection. radical Islamists Chabab and where famine threatens.
After a marathon vote, Hassan Cheikh Mohamoud, who was president between 2012 and 2017, won against outgoing head of state Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, known as Farmaajo, who had beaten him five years ago. years. Celebratory gunfire echoed through the country’s capital, Mogadishu.
“It is truly commendable that the President is here by my side, we must move forward and never back, we must heal our wounds”declared the new president, immediately invested, referring to his predecessor.
“Let’s not waste time on the past (…). HASInstead, we will work towards a bright future, and I will implement my campaign slogan, which is “A peaceful Somalia, at peace with the world”. »
“I salute my brother here, the new President Hassan Cheikh Mohamoud, and wish him good luck in the enormous task ahead of him”declared the outgoing president, Farmaajo, who promised his “solidarity”.
“An orderly, peaceful and secure election”
The international community on Monday hailed the election of Hassan Cheikh Mohamoud as leader of Somalia, calling on him to take charge of the problems of this poor and unstable country in the Horn of Africa, paralyzed for more than a year. year by a deep political crisis.
The United Nations on Monday congratulated the new president as well as the Somali political and security authorities, “for ensuring an orderly, peaceful and secure presidential election”. In a statement posted on Twitter, the UN Mission in Somalia (Unsom) also congratulated Farmaajo on “to honor Somali tradition by immediately accepting the election results and expressing support for his successor”.
“Europe is eager to [travailler en] working closely with Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud and with the government to be appointed soon, as Somalia embarks on major reconciliation efforts, including between the federal and regional levels, state-building, development and peacebuilding”declared the head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell.
On Monday morning, the British Under-Secretary of State for British Africa, Vicky Ford, congratulated the president-elect on Twitter. Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said he looked forward to working closely with his neighbor “on common bilateral and regional interests”. In the region, Kenya and Djibouti also welcomed the election, as did the chairperson of the African Union Commission, Moussa Faki Mahamat.
Thirty-six candidates decided under a tent
This election took place more than a year late in this unstable country in the Horn of Africa shaken by a long political crisis, which is also suffering from a historic drought. The deputies and senators first began to vote on Sunday to decide between the thirty-six candidates, under a tent placed under curfew and erected in the perimeter of Mogadishu airport, where the security forces are omnipresent.
Explosions were heard near the airport as voting began, a reminder of how precarious the security situation remains in the country. However, police said no casualties were reported.
The ballot follows a complex indirect system, in which state assemblies and delegates from a myriad of clans and sub-clans choose the legislators, who in turn appoint the president.
After several hours devoted to this vote, broadcast on national television, this complex electoral process has entered its third and final phase with the two candidates still in the running – including the outgoing president, Farmaajo, and his predecessor Hassan Cheikh Mohamoud. During this final consultation, parliamentary officials counted more than 165 votes in favor of Mr. Mohamoud, confirming his victory. The two finalists were among the four qualified after the first round of voting.
A year of political crisis
Farmaajo’s mandate had expired in February 2021, without an agreement with regional leaders on the organization of new elections. The two-year extension of his mandate by MPs in April 2021 had sparked fighting in Mogadishu, reviving the memory of the decades of civil war that ravaged the country after 1991. Recent months have also been marked by a growing rivalry between Farmaajo and its prime minister, Mohamed Hussein Roble, whom he had charged with organizing the elections.
For a year and a half, the international community has multiplied calls to complete the elections, believing that the delays diverted the authorities from the fight against the radical Islamists Chabab, affiliated with Al-Qaeda, who have been leading an insurgency in the country for fifteen years. . In recent months, the latter have intensified their attacks, notably carrying out a bloody double attack in the center of the country on 24 March (48 dead), then a major attack against a base of the African Union force (10 dead, according to an official report).
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