« Les personnes LGBTphobes deviennent de plus en plus virulentes » : encore une année de hausse pour les violences en raison de l’orientation sexuelle

« Les personnes LGBTphobes deviennent de plus en plus virulentes » : encore une année de hausse pour les violences en raison de l’orientation sexuelle

Is this the mirror of an increase in violence against sexual minorities or the consequence of a freeing of speech by victims, who are more inclined to push the doors of police stations and brigades? This year again, the number of anti-LGBT acts, made public on Monday May 16 by the ministerial statistical service for internal security, is experiencing a strong increase. In 2021, 3,790 attacks committed “because of sexual orientation or gender identity were recorded by the police and gendarmerie services, compared to 2,970 in 2020, an increase of 27.6%.

Among them, there are 2,170 crimes and misdemeanors (+ 28%) and 1,620 fines (+ 16%). Defamation and insults come first, followed by physical attacks. The public space in the broad sense is the first place of expression of LGBTphobia, according to these official data. However, as a result of the recent confinements which assigned people to their homes, more events took place in homes (24%, compared to 20% before the health crisis). Men are the main targets of crimes and misdemeanors, with an overrepresentation of young people among the victims.

Acceptance on the one hand, rejection on the other

The number of anti-LGBT acts has doubled since 2016, the first year of the separate publication of figures relating to complaints received for crimes, misdemeanors and offenses aggravated by a discriminatory motive on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity. . An average increase of around 15% per year has been recorded, according to the services of the Ministry of the Interior. “I can’t believe there isn’t a real increase in the number of factsreacts Sophie Elizéon, interministerial delegate for the fight against racism, anti-Semitism and anti-LGBT hatred. As opinion polls show, certainly we are in a better acceptance by society, but at the same time LGBTphobic people are becoming more and more virulent, vindictive. They take action. »

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A double movement confirmed by all observers. For Flora Bolter, the co-president of the LGBT + observatory of the Jean Jaurès Foundation, “we went from denial to rejection”. Mobilizations in favor of equal rights, which have resulted in recent legislative gains (law authorizing marriage to same-sex couples, PMA for all women), “opened the door to more representations of LGBT people and, consequently, to more expressions of rejection”she points.

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