Aux Philippines, le retour de la famille Marcos, trente-six ans après la chute de la dictature

Aux Philippines, le retour de la famille Marcos, trente-six ans après la chute de la dictature

Thirty-six years after their dishonorable flight from the presidential palace besieged by the mob in 1986, the Marcos family succeeded in placing one of their own at the head of supreme power: favorite in the polls, Ferdinand Marcos Junior, known as “Bongbong”, 64 years old and son of the former dictator, won the presidential election with 58.8% of the votes cast, according to results covering almost all of the polling stations. Which makes him the most elected president since his father, in 1969, during the last free elections before martial law was proclaimed in 1972. The stock market fell to its lowest level for nine months.

“BBM”, as he is called by the Filipinos, had traded his air of an eternal student and the long lock that crossed his forehead for the countryside for a tighter cut, with an impeccable black dye, which is not without recall the clean and crisp image of his father. Less energetic, less brilliant than this one, who died in 1989, constantly described as a top of the class but reviled for the fourteen years of dictatorship imposed on the country in the name of the fight against communism, has long had the image of a spoiled child and a pleasure-seeker. Studying at Oxford in 1978, he only received a “special certificate” there – not a degree, as the university confirmed, in October 2021.

The outgoing president, the populist Rodrigo Duterte, has proved an increasingly ambiguous ally of the Marcos in recent months, despite the choice by “BBM” of his daughter, Sara Duterte, as vice-president. She was largely elected by universal suffrage to this post. An election she won hands down. Rodrigo Duterte refused to support a candidate – a first in this country of 110 million inhabitants for an incumbent president. In November 2021, he had joked about“a presidential candidate whose name and father are famous” : a “soft leader”he had mocked, who “snort cocaine”. This exit had prompted the candidate Marcos to take a test proving that he was ” own “. Duterte’s relationship with the Marcoses is ambivalent: his father was secretary of state under Marcos senior before the dictatorship, but his mother led anti-Marcos demonstrations during martial law in their city of Davao.

Privilege Environment

The return of a Marcos to Malacanang, the presidential palace, is the culmination of a long-term effort, which began with the return from exile of “Bongbong”, his mother, Imelda, and his two sisters in 1991 in their northern stronghold, Ilocos Norte. Imelda, whose presidential ambitions became apparent around the time of the physical weakening of Marcos, who suffered from an autoimmune disease, in the 1980s, twice tried unsuccessfully to run for president. “Bongbong”, his older sister, Imée, and Imelda gradually conquered local elected positions. Then “Bongbong” became a senator in 2010. In 2016, the vice-presidency narrowly escaped him: it was won by Leni Robredo, his unfortunate rival during the presidential election which has just ended (28% of the votes cast). Marcos junior will file a complaint for fraud, which will not be dismissed until 2021.

You have 56.02% of this article left to read. The following is for subscribers only.

#Aux #Philippines #retour #famille #Marcos #trentesixans #après #chute #dictature

This will close in 0 seconds